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Benedict Bird


Benedict is a doctoral candidate in Historical Theology.

Before coming to Cambridge in Michaelmas Term 2018, he completed a Masters in Historical and Systematic Theology with Westminster Theological Seminary, where he was supervised by Dr. Garry Williams and Prof. Crawford Gribben. His thesis title was "John Owen’s Seven Catechisms and Confessions: For the Education, Establishment and Edification of the Church." 

In parallel with the Masters studies he taught Biblical Greek and Hebrew at London Seminary, having completed its Ministry Training course.

Subject area and speciality

History of Christianity specialists:

Benedict is studying the historical and theological context and significance of the controversy between John Goodwin (1594-1665) and John Owen (1616-1683) in the early 1650s concerning the doctrine of the perseverance of the saints.

Research Interests

Protestant theology and church history between the Reformation and the Enlightenment (c. 1560 - c. 1700), and more particularly:
  • Reformed scholastic theology
  • Calvinism and Arminianism
  • John Owen and his contemporaries.


  • Early Modern History


Key Publications

  • "John Owen and the Question of the Eternal Submission of the Son within the Ontological Trinity," Westminster Theological Journal, 80, no. 2 (2018): 299–334.
  • "The development of Augustine’s views on Free-will and Grace," Westminster Theological Journal (publication pending).

Other Publications

  • Review of God in Himself by Steven Duby, Foundations, issue 79 (2020)
  • "John Owen’s taxonomy of the covenants. Was he a dichotomist or a trichotomist?," Foundations, issue 78 (2020).
  • Review of “The Holy Trinity” by Robert Letham, Reformation Today (publication pending).
  • "Arminius and the Synod of Dort," Westminster Conference Papers, 2018.
  • "Isaac Watts and his Guide to Prayer," Westminster Conference Papers, 2016.
  • “John Owen and Patrick Gillespie on the Covenant of Redemption," Foundations, issue 70, 2016.
  • "The doctrine of justification by faith alone," Reformation Today, issue 266, 2015.


Current students and supervisors can access the Faculty’s Moodle page by clicking on the image below.