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Professor Judith Lieu FBA

Professor Judith Lieu, FBA

Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity

Fellow, Robinson College

University Gender Equality Champion for Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences

Judith Lieu is accepting applications for PhD students.

Office Phone: 01223 763018


Professor Lieu studied at Durham and Birmingham Universities and has taught at The Queen's College, Birmingham, King's College London (where she was Professor of New Testament Studies, 1999-2006), and Macquarie University, Sydney.

She is on the editorial board of a number of journals and series and was previously Editor of New Testament Studies.

She was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2014.

In 2015-2016 she was President of the Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas (SNTS).

Professor Lieu is the University Gender Equality Champion with special responsibility for Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences. In this role she serves on a number of University bodies.

Subject area and speciality

New Testament specialists:
  • Gospel and letters of John
  • Interpretation of the New Testament
  • Gender and New Testament/ early Christian literature and history
  • Parting of the Ways between Judaism and Christianity
  • Early Christianity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman contexts
  • Christian literature and thought of the second century
  • Heresy and other patterns of identity in early Christianity
Jewish studies specialists:
  • Judaism and Jewish-Christian relations in the context of early Christianity
Late antiquity specialists:
Scriptural language specialists:

New Testament Greek

Greek specialists:


Robinson College:

Research Interests

Professor Lieu has recently published a study of the heresiological construction of Marcion and an attempt to locate him within the literary, social, and, theological contexts of the second century. This is part of a broader interest in the second century as a period of creativity and ferment in the development of distinct patterns of Christian thought and practice. She continues to work on aspects of Marcion's teaching and writings.

Previously she has worked on the separation and continuing relationships between Jews and Christians, and on the formation of a distinct Christian identity, all within the broader setting of the Graeco-Roman world.

Within the New Testament area, she conducts research on the Johannine literature, and has published widely in the area, including a commentary on the Johannine Epistles.

A further area of research and writing is that of feminist and gender analysis of the New Testament and other early Christian literature and history.

She is currently working on early Christian letters and their contribution to the development of a Christian world view.

Research Supervision

  • Aspects of the New Testament, especially the Johannine literature
  • Second century Christianity - literature, ideas and structures
  • The New Testament and early church in their Jewish and Greco-Roman context
  • Gender and the early church


  • The Johannine Tradition (B5)
  • Advanced New Testament Greek (C1b) (with Dr. Jonathan Linebaugh)
  • MPhil

Other Professional Activities

Member of the Editorial Boards of:

  • Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity Series
  • Beihefte zur ZNW
  • Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft
  • Wissenschaftliche Monographien zum Alten und Neuen Testament
  • Themes in Biblical Narratives (Brill)
  • the Catholic University of America Studies in Early Christianity
  • Society of Biblical Literature Early Christianity and its Literature Series.


Key Publications


  • Marcion and the Making of a Heretic (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)
  • I, II, & III John: A Commentary (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 2008)
  • Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004; paperback 2006).
  • Neither Jew nor Greek: Constructing Early Christianity (Edinburgh: T.&T. Clark/ Continuum, 2002; paperback London: T&T Clark Int., 2005) Second Edition (London: Bloomsbury, 2015)
  • The Gospel according to Luke (London: Epworth Press, 1997; reprinted Wipf and Stock, 2012).
  • Image and Reality. The Jews in the World of the Christians in the Second Century(Edinburgh: T.&T. Clark, 1996; paperback 2003)
  • The Theology of the Johannine Epistles (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
  • The Second and Third Epistles of John: History and Background (Edinburgh: T.&T. Clark, 1986; reprinted Bloomsbury Academic Collections, 2015)


  • with C. Hempel, Biblical Traditions in Transmission: Essays in Honour of Michael A. Knibb (Leiden: Brill, 2006)
  • with J. Rogerson, The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies (Oxford; Oxford University Press, 2006).
  • with J. North, & T. Rajak, The Jews between Pagans and Christians (London: Routledge, 1992; Second edition, paperback, 1994).

Selected recent articles and essays

  • 'Letters and the Topography of Early Christianity', New Testament Studies 62 (2016) 167-82.
  • ‘From Us but Not of Us? Moving the Boundaries of the Community’, in Early Christian Communities between Ideal and Reality, ed. Mark Grundeken and Joseph Verheyden (WUNT 342; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2015) 161-75.
  • ‘The Audience of the Johannine Epistles’, in Communities in Dispute: Current Scholarship on the Johannine Epistles, ed. R.A. Culpepper (SBLECL; Atlanta, GA.: SBL, 2014) 123-140.
  • 'Text and Authority in John and Apocalyptic', in Intimations of Apocalyptic, ed. Catrin Williams & Christopher Rowland (London: Bloomsbury, 2013) 235-53
  • 'Heresy and Scripture', in Ein neues Geschlecht? Entwicklung des frühchristlichen Selbstbewusstseins, ed. M. Lang (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2013) 81-100.
  • 'What did Women do for the Early Church? The Recent History of a Question', in The Church on its Past, ed. Peter D. Clarke & Charlotte Methuen (Studies in Church History 49; Croydon: Boydell, 2013) 261-81.
  • 'Their Wives are as Chaste as Virgins, their Daughters Modest: The Role of Women in Early Christian Apologetics', in The Making of Christianity: Conflicts, Contacts, and Constructions: Essays in Honor of Bengt Holmberg, ed. Magnus Zetterholm and Samuel Byrskog (CBNT 47; Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2012) 103-27.
  • 'Marcion and the New Testament', in Method and Meaning: Essays on New Testament Interpretation in Honor of Harold W. Attridge, ed. Andrew B. McGowan & Kent Harold Richards (Atlanta, GA: SBL, 2011) 399-416.
  • 'Marcion and the Synoptic Problem', in New Studies in the Synoptic Problem, ed. P. Foster, A. Gregory, J. S. Kloppenborg, J. Verheyden (BETL 279; Leuven: Peeters, 2011) 731-51.
  • 'The Audience of Apologetics: the Problem of the Martyr Acts' in Contextualising Early Christian Martyrdom, ed. Jakob Engberg, Uffe Holmsgaard Eriksen, Anders Klostergaard Petersen (Frankfurt: Lang, 2011) 205-23.
  • '"As much my apostle as Christ is mine": the Dispute over Paul between Tertullian and Marcion', Early Christianity 1 (2010) 41-59.
  • 'The Battle for Paul in the Second century', Irish Theological Quarterly 75 (2010) 3-14.
  • 'Between Text and Community: Jews and Christians in the Second Century', Princeton Seminary Bulletin 31 (2010) 74-89.
  • ‘Jews, Christians and “Pagans” in Conflict’, in Critique and Apologetics: Jews, Christians and Pagans in Antiquity, ed. Anders-Christian Jacobsen, Jörg Ulrich, David Brakke (Frankfurt: Lang, 2009) pp. 43-58
  • 'Us or You? Persuasion and Identity in 1 John', Journal of Biblical Literature 127 (2008) pp. 805-19.
  • 'Gedächtnis und Identität: Die frühchristliche Entdeckung einer Vergangenheit', in ed. J. Dummer & M. Vielberg, Leitbilder im Spannungsfeld von Orthodoxie und Heterodoxie(Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2008) pp. 157-70.
  • 'Literary Strategies of Personification', in Identity Formation in the New Testament, ed. Bengt Holmberg & Mikael Winninge (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008) pp. 61-78.
  • 'The Gospel of John and Anti-Judaism', in John and Christian Theology, ed. R. Bauckham & C. Mosser (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2008) pp. 168-82.
  • 'Charity in early Christian thought and practice', in ed. Dionysios Stathakopoulos, The Kindness of Strangers: Charity in the Pre-Modern Mediterranean (CHS Occasional Publications; London: King's College London, 2007) pp. 13-20.
  • 'Bible, Empowerment and Institution', in Poverty, Empowerment, Institutions, ed. C. Sedmak & T. Böhler (Vienna: LIT, 2007) pp. 281-88.
  • 'Messiah and Resistance in the Gospel and Epistles of John', in Redemption and Resistance: The Messianic Hopes of Jews and Christians in Antiquity, ed.M. Bockmuehl & J. Carleton Paget (London: T.&T. Clark, 2007) pp. 97-108.
  • ‘Where did Jews and Christians Meet (or Part Ways)’, in Los Comienzos del Cristianismo, ed. S. Guijarro (Bibliotheca Salmanticensis, Salamanca, 2006) pp. 217-32.
  • 'Justin Martyr and the Transformation of Psalm 22', in Biblical Traditions in Transmission, ed. C. Hempel & J. M. Lieu (Leiden, Brill, 2006) pp. 195-211.
  • 'The Jewish Matrix', in The Cambridge History of Christianity I, ed. M. Mitchell & F. M. Young (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006) pp. 214-229.
  • 'Reading Jesus in the Wilderness', in Wilderness. Essays in Honour of Frances Young, ed. R. S. Sugirtharajah (London: T.&T. Clark International, 2005) pp. 88-100.
  • 'How John Writes', in The Written Gospel, ed. M. Bockmuehl & D. Hagner (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005) pp. 171-183.
  • 'The Synagogue and the Separation of the Christians', in The Ancient Synagogue from its Origins until 200 C.E., ed. B. Olsson & M. Zetterholm (CB. NTS 39. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 2003) pp. 189–207.
  • 'Impregnable ramparts and walls of iron'. Boundary and Identity in 'Judaism' and 'Christianity', NTS 48 (2002) 297–313.
  • 'Not Hellenes but Philistines?', JJS 53 (2002) 246–63.
  • 'Anti-Judaism in the Fourth Gospel: Explanation and Hermeneutics' in Anti-Judaism and the Fourth Gospel, ed. R. Bieringer et al. (JCH 1. Assen, Netherlands: Van Gorcum/ Louisville, PA: WJK, 2001) pp. 126-143.
  • 'Temple and Synagogue in John', New Testament Studies 45 (1999) 51-69
  • 'The Attraction of Women in/to early Judaism and Christianity: Gender and the Politics of Conversion' Journal for the Study of the New Testament.72 (1998) 5-22
  • 'The Mother of the Son in the Fourth Gospel', Journal of Biblical Literature 117 (1998) 55-71

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