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Dr Simon Gathercole

Dr Simon Gathercole

Reader in New Testament Studies

Fellow, Fitzwilliam College

Office Phone: 01223 763008


Before his current position, Dr Gathercole studied in the Universities of Cambridge and Durham, as well as for short periods at the University of Tübingen and the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York. He taught in the University of Aberdeen for seven years.

Subject area and speciality

New Testament specialists:
  • interpretation of the New Testament
  • the connections between the New Testament and the literature contemporaneous with it
  • Christology
  • the doctrine of the atonement
  • the Gospel of Thomas
  • Pauline studies
  • Christology of the Gospels
  • extra-canonical Gospels
Late antiquity specialists:


Fitzwilliam College:
Director of Studies

Research Interests

Dr Gathercole's main academic interest is the interpretation of the New Testament. Having begun as a classicist and also worked in the field of early Judaism, he is particularly fascinated by the connections between the New Testament and the literature contemporaneous with it. His principal theological interests are christology, and the doctrine of the atonement.

Research Supervision

Dr Gathercole would be particularly interested in supervising doctoral research in Pauline studies, the christology of the Gospels, and extra-canonical Gospels.

Other Professional Activities

Between 2007-2012 I was the editor of Journal for the Study of the New Testament.

Key Publications


Edited Books:

  • Divine and Human Agency in Paul and his Cultural Environment. Edited with J.M.G. Barclay (London/New York: Continuum, 2006). x + 208pp.
  • The Book of Tobit: Texts, Comparisons, Lexicon and Concordance to the Aramaic, Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and Syriac Versions. Edited with L.T. Stuckenbruck & S.D.E. Weeks, eds. (Fontes et Subsidia ad Bibliam Pertinentes; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2004). x + 792pp.


Selected articles and essays

Some of these articles can be viewed at

  • 'The Gospel of Jesus' Wife: Constructing a Context', New Testament Studies 61 (2015), pp. 292-313.
  • ‘Thomas Revisited: A Rejoinder to Denzey Lewis, Kloppenborg and Patterson’, Journal for the Study of the New Testament 36.3 (2014), pp. 262–281.
  • ‘What Did the First Christians Think about Jesus?’ in M. Bird, ed. How God Became Jesus: A Response to Bart D. Ehrman (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014), pp. 94-116.
  • ‘Jerusalem and Caesarea Inscriptions and New Testament Study’, Journal for the Study of the New Testament 35.4 (2013), pp. 394-401.
  • ‘The Titles of the Gospels in the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts’, Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 104.1 (2013), pp. 33-76.
  • ‘Deutsche Erwiderungen auf die „New Perspective“: Eine anglophone Sicht’ in J. Frey & B. Schliessler, eds. Die Theologie des Paulus in der Diskussion (Neukirchen: Neukirchener Verlag, 2013), pp. 115-153.
  • Introduction, Translation and Notes, Coptic Fragments of ‘Life of Adam and Eve’, in R.J. Bauckham & J.R. Davila, eds. More Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013), pp. 22-27.
  • ‘Atonement, Justification and Law: Some Reflections in Response to Robert Jewett’s Romans’, in K.K. Yeo, ed. From Rome to Beijing: Symposia on Robert Jewett’s Commentary on Romans (Lincoln: Kairos, 2012/2013), pp. 61-68.
  • ‘Matthean or Lukan Priority? The Use of the NT Gospels in the Gospel of Judas’, in G. Wurst & E. Popkes, eds. Judasevangelium und Codex Tchacos: Studien zur religionsgeschichtlichen Verortung einer gnostischen Schriftensammlung (Tübingen: Mohr, 2012), pp. 291-302.
  • ‘The Earliest Manuscript Title of Matthew’s Gospel (BnF Suppl. gr. 1120 ii 3 / 𝔓4)’, Novum Testamentum 54.3 (2012), pp. 209-235.
  • ‘Named Testimonia to the Gospel of Thomas: An Expanded Inventory and Analysis’, Harvard Theological Review 105.1 (2012), pp. 53-89.
  • ‘Luke in the Gospel of Thomas’, New Testament Studies 57.1 (2011), pp. 114-144.
  • ‘The Trinity in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts’, in G. Emery & M. Levering, eds. The Oxford Handbook to the Trinity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 55-68.
  • ‘“The Heavens and the Earth will be Rolled up”: The Eschatology of the Gospel of Thomas’, in H.-J. Eckstein, C. Landmesser & H. Lichtenberger, eds. Eschatologie – Eschatology. The Sixth Durham-Tübingen Research Symposium: Eschatology in Old Testament, Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (Tübingen, September, 2009) (WUNT; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2011), pp. 280-302.
  •  ‘Pauline Christology’, in S. Westerholm, ed. The Blackell Companion to Paul (Oxford: Blackwell, 2011), pp. 172-187.
  • Quis et Unde? Heavenly Obstacles in Gos. Thom. 50 and Related Literature’, in M. Bockmuehl & G.G. Stroumsa, eds. Paradise in Antiquity: Jewish and Christian Views (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 82-99.
  • ‘Paradise in the Gospel of Judas’, in A.D. DeConick, ed. The Judas Codex: Proceedings of the International Congress on Codex Tchacos held at Rice University, Houston, Texas, March 13-16, 2008 (Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies; Leiden: Brill, 2009), pp. 479-499.
  • ‘The Influence of Paul on the Gospel of Thomas  (§§ 53. 3 and 17)’, in J. Frey, J. Schröter, E.E. Popkes, eds. Das Thomasevangelium: Entstehung - Rezeption - Theologie (BZNW 157; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008), pp. 72-94.
  • ‘The Gospel of Judas: An Unlikely Hero’, in P.M. Foster, ed. The Non-Canonical Gospels (London/New York: Continuum, 2008), pp. 84-95.
  • ‘What Did Paul Really Mean?’, Christianity Today (Aug. 2007), pp. 22-28.
  • ‘The Gospel of Judas’, Expository Times 118.5 (February 2007), pp. 209-215.
  • ‘A Proposed Rereading of P. Oxy. 654 line 41 (G. Thom. 7)’, Harvard Theological Review 99 (2006), pp. 355-359.
  • ‘Sin in God's Economy: Agencies in Romans 1 and 7’, in J.M.G. Barclay & S.J. Gathercole, eds. Divine and Human Agency in Paul and His Cultural Environment (Library of New Testament Studies; London/ New York: Continuum, 2006), pp. 158-172.
  • ‘Paul’s Doctrine of Justification: A Proposal’, in B. McCormack, ed. Justification: From the 10th Rutherford House Conference in Christian Dogmatics (Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2006), pp. 219-241.
  • ‘Tobit in Spain: Some Preliminary Comments on the Relations between the Old Latin Witnesses’, in M. Bredin, ed. Studies in the Book of Tobit: A Multidisciplinary Approach(Library of Second Temple Studies; London/ New York: Continuum, 2006), pp. 5-11.
  • ‘The Pauline and Petrine Sola Fide’, in M. Bachmann, ed. Lutherische oder Neue Paulusperspektive? (WUNT; Tübingen: Mohr, 2005), pp. 309-327.
  • ‘The Heavenly ανατολη (Lk. 1.78-79)’, Journal of Theological Studies 56 (2005), pp. 471-488.
  • ‘Pre-existence, and the Freedom of the Son in Creation and Redemption: An Exposition in Dialogue with Robert Jenson’, International Journal of Systematic Theology 7.1 (2005), pp. 36-49.
  • ‘On the Alleged Aramaic Idiom behind the Synoptic ηλθον-sayings’, Journal of Theological Studies 55.1 (2004), pp. 84-91.
  • ‘Torah, Life and Salvation: Leviticus 18.5 in Early Judaism and the New Testament’, in C.A. Evans, J.A. Sanders, eds. From Prophecy to Testament: The Function of the Old Testament in the New (Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson, 2004), pp. 131-150.
  • ‘Justified by Faith, Justified by his Blood: The Evidence of Rom 3.21-4.25’, in D.A. Carson, P.T. O’Brien, M.A. Seifrid, eds. Justification and Variegated Nomism. Volume 2: The Paradoxes of Paul (WUNT; Tübingen: Mohr, 2004), pp. 147-184.
  • ‘Jesus’ Eschatological Vision of the Fall of Satan: Luke 10.18 Reconsidered’, Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 94.2 (2003), pp. 143-163.
  • ‘The Justification of Wisdom (Mt. 11.19b/Lk 7.35)’, New Testament Studies 49 (2003), pp. 476-488.
  • ‘A Law unto Themselves: The Gentiles in Rom 2.14-15 Revisited’, Journal for the Study of the New Testament 85 (2002), pp. 27-49.