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Faculty of Divinity





  • Sufism and the development of the Ottoman learned institution
  • Muslim-Christian relations


Key publications: 
  • ‘In search of a contemporary Shari’a discourse of pluralism’, in Jocelyne Cesari (ed), EUARE Lectures: Second Annual Conference 2019. Bologna: European Academy of Religion 2020, 95-134.

  •  ‘“Nations like yourselves”: some Muslim debates over Koran 6:38,’ in Andrew Linzey and Claire Linzey (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection, London: Routledge, 2019, 163-172.

  •  ‘The Genesis of A Common Word,’ Lejla Demiri and Yazid Said (eds.), The Future of Interfaith Dialogue:  Muslim-Christian Encounters through A Common Word. Cambridge University Press 2018, 13-30.

  • ‘Some Islamic reflections on Gavin D’Costa’s  Vatican II: Catholic Doctrines on Jews and Muslims.’ Louvain Studies, 40/3 (2017), 286-302.

  • ‘Islam and the problem of evil’, in Chad Meister (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Problem of Evil. Cambridge University Press, 2017, 230-48.

  • ‘Education as “Drawing-Out”: the forms of Islamic reason’, in Nadeem A. Memon and Mujadad Zaman (eds.), Philosophies of Islamic Education: historical perspectives and emerging discourses.  London: Routledge, 2016.

  • ‘Al-Ghazali and Anscombe’s Tahafut: making use of the Imam in a European context’, in Bülent Ucar and Frank Griffel (eds.), 900 Jahre al-Gazali im Spiegel der islamischen Wissenschaften. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2015, 39-58.

  • ‘Receiving the Stranger: A Muslim Theology of Shared Worship’, Marianne Moyaert and Joris Geldhof (eds.), Ritual Participation and Interreligious Dialogue. London: Bloomsbury, 2015, 81-92.

  • ‘Response to Ruth Armstrong’, Studies in Christian Ethics 27 (2014), 310-313.

  • ‘The Trinity is Incoherent’, in Chad Meister et al., Debating Christian Theism. (New York: OUP, 2013), 347-357.

  • ‘Realism and the Real: Paradoxes of Islamic Pluralist Soteriology’, in Mohammad Hassan Khalil (ed.), Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others. OUP, 2013. 122-150.

  • ‘Jesus and Muhammad: new convergences’. The Muslim World 99 (2009), 21-38.

  • The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology (edited volume). (Cambridge University Press, 2008). Editor, also Introduction.

  • Islam ve Hıristiyanlık: politik-teoloji denemeleri. Istanbul: Etkilisim, 2007.

  • ‘Qur’anic Reasoning as an academic practice’, Modern Theology 22:3 (July 2006), 449-63. 

  • Abraham’s Children: Jews, Muslims and Christians in Conversation (Edited, with Richard Harries and Norman Solomon) (Edinburgh: T&T Clark / Continuum, 2006).

  • ‘The last trump card: Islam and the supersession of other faiths.’ Studies in Interreligious Dialogue 9 (1999) 2, 133-155.

  • Al-Ghazali. The Remembrance of Death and the Afterlife, Kit¥b Dhikr al-Mawt wa-ma badahu. Translated with an Introduction and Notes. Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society, 1989.







Shaykh Zayed Lecturer in Islamic Studies
Dr Timothy  Winter

Contact Details

Email address: 
01223 763022
Takes PhD students
Not available for consultancy