skip to primary navigationskip to content

William A. Ross

William A. Ross

Cambridge Trust Scholar

Fitzwilliam College


Originally from Philadelphia, PA, I am a husband and father of three. I am also a candidate in the Presbyterian church (PCA).

My doctoral research focuses on the Greek language of the Septuagint and its social and linguistic relationship to the post-classical Greek of its time. I am investigating the textual evidence of book of Judges in Greek for the ways in which its language was modified over the course of the revision to the original (Old Greek) version. My research is chiefly concerned with vocabulary (lexical semantics) and the social and linguistic mechanisms for language change, which requires interaction with Greek documentary evidence from Ptolemaic papyri and inscriptions. This work also bears upon broader questions related to the development of post-classical Greek, the social context of the Septuagint translators and later revisers, and the methodological challenges in Septuagint lexicography.

Subject area and speciality

Old Testament specialists:

Septuagint Lexicography and Language Change in Greek Judges

Research Interests

Old Testament Historical Books
Septuagint Studies
Koine Greek Language & Lexicography
Hellenistic Judaism
Cognitive Linguistics


(2014-2017) University of Cambridge - Greek Collections Marker

(2011-2014) Westminster Theological Seminary - Teaching Assistant


Other Professional Activities

Professional Societies:

2018                The American Society for Papyrologists

2018                The Society for Old Testament Study

2014                Institute for Biblical Research

2013                Evangelical Theological Society

2012                International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies

2012                Society of Biblical Literature


Recent Presentations:

2018             7. Internationale Fachtagung von Septuaginta-Deutsch (Wuppertal)
                    “Legacies and Flops among Early Modern Septuagint Concordances”

2018             Cambridge Seminar on the Septuagint (Cambridge)
                    “Questioning Interlanguage: Lexical Choice and Comprehensibility 
                    in the Septuagint”

2017             SBL National Conference (Boston)
                    “Vision and Provision: The Unusual Case of ראה in Gen. 22”

2017             SBL National Conference (Boston)
                    “A (Brief) History of Septuagint Lexicography”

2017             SBL National Conference (Boston)
                    “Cognitive Linguistic Perspectives on Koiné Greek Prepositions”

2017             Soisalon-Soininen Symposium on the Septuagint (Helsinki)
                    “The Semantics of ‘Youth’ Vocabulary in the Septuagint”


Invited Lectures and Seminars

2018            Lecture: “Understanding and Translating the Septuagint”
                   Guest Lecturer for Dr. Nijay Gupta
                   Portland Seminary, George Fox University

2017           Lecture: “Vocabulary, Egyptian Documentary Evidence and the Social
                  Context(s) of Greek Judges”
                  Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC)       

2017           Seminar: Greek Study Day
                  London Seminary, The John Own Centre for Theological Study
                  London, United Kingdom


Organizational Activity

2016 – 2019   ETS “Septuagint Studies” Consultation – Chairman

2017              Tyndale House Workshop in Greek Prepositions: Cognitive
                     Linguistics Approaches to Lexicography & Theology
                     Co-organizer with Steven E. Runge (Logos Bible Software)                                   Tyndale House | Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge

2015              ETS “Septuagint Studies” Panel – Committee Member


Project Collaboration

2018 – 2020      Edición y estudio de textos bíblicos y parabíblicos
                        Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Madrid, Spain)
                        Research project member

Jan. – June 2017    Semantics of Ancient Hebrew Database

                        Editorial Assistant to Graham Davies (Director of Cambridge
                        Centre of the Semantics of Ancient Hebrew Database Project)


Extra Training

2016              Trinity Western University (ACTS), Vancouver, BC

                     The John William Wevers Institute for Septuagint Studies

 2013             Trinity Western University (ACTS), Vancouver, BC

                     The John William Wevers Institute for Septuagint Studies

2007              Universidad Menéndez Pelayo, Sevilla, Spain

                     Estudios Internacionales


Key Publications


2018              with Gregory R. Lanier, eds. Septuaginta: A Reader’s Edition. 2
                     vols.; Peabody: Hendrickson, 2018.

2014              with G. K. Beale and Daniel J. Brendsel. An Interpretive Lexicon of
                     New Testament Greek: Analysis of Prepositions, Adverbs, Particles,
                     Relative Pronouns, and Conjunctions.
Grand Rapids: Zondervan.


Other Publications

Refereed Journal Articles

Forthcoming   “Questioning the ‘Opposition’ and Interpretatio Christiana in
                      Marcus Aurelius (Med. 11.3).” Ephemerides Theologicae
(anticipated 2019).

Forthcoming   “David’s Spiritual Walls and Conceptual Blending in Psalm 51.”
                      Journal for the Study of the Old Testament (anticipated 2019).

2017               “Style and Familiarity in OG Judg 19,7: Establishing Dependence
                       in the Septuagint.” Biblica 98.1 (2017): 25-36.

2016                “Ὦ ἀνόητοι καὶ βραδεῖς τῇ καρδίᾳ: Luke, Aesop, and Reading
                        Scripture.” Novum Testamentum 58.4 (2016): 369-79.

2015                “Text-Critical Question Begging in Nahum 1,2-8: Re-evaluating
                        the Evidence and Arguments
Zeitschrift für die
                        Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft
127.3 (October 2015): 459-74.


Edited Volume Contributions

Forthcoming   “Some Aspects of Παιδάριον and Νεανίσκος in Ptolemaic Egypt.” In
                     The Legacy of Soisalon-Soininen: Towards a Syntax of Septuagint 
                     Greek. Edited by Tuukka Kauhanen; DSI; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck
                     & Ruprecht (anticipated 2018).

Forthcoming   “Reading the Septuagint Alongside the Hebrew Bible.” In Hebrew
                     for Life: Strategies for Learning, Retaining, and Reviving Biblical
. Edited by Adam Howell; Baker Academic (anticipated


Conference Proceedings

2018             “The Septuagint as Catalyst for Language Change in the Koine: A
                    Usage-Based Approach.” Pages 383–97 in Die Septuaginta —
                    Geschichte. Wirkung. Relevanz: 6. Internationale Fachtagung von
                    Septuaginta-Deutsch (LXX.D), Wuppertal 21.-24. Juli 2016
. Edited
                    by Martin Meiser, Michaela Geiger, Siegfried Kreuzer, and Marcs
                    Sigismund. WUNT 405; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

2016             “Lexical Possibilities in Septuagint Research: Revision and
                     Expansion.” Pages 341-59 in XV Congress of the International
                     Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies: Munich, 2013
                     Edited by Wolfgang Kraus, Martin Meiser, and Michaël van der
                     Meer. SBLSCS 64. Atlanta, Ga.: SBL Press.


Dictionary and Encyclopaedia Entries

Forthcoming   “Body Parts” – “Bronze” (Hebrew). In Expository Dictionary of Old
                     Testament and New Testament Words
. Grand Rapids: Baker
                     Academic (anticipated 2019).


Recent Book Reviews


2018              John Jarick, ed., SOTS at 100: Centennial Essays of the Society for
                     Old Testament Study
. T&T Clark, 2017. Bulletin for Biblical
28.2 (2018): 308–10.

2018              Franco Montanari, The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek. Brill,
                     2015. Westminster Theological Journal 80.1 (2018): 187–89.

2017              David Firth, 1 & 2 Samuel: An Introduction and Study Guide. A
                     Kingdom Comes
. T&T Clark, 2017. Bulletin for Biblical Research
                     27.4 (2017): 550–52.


Current students and supervisors can access the Faculty’s Moodle page by clicking on the image below.