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William A. Ross

William A. Ross

Cambridge Trust Scholar

Fitzwilliam College


Originally from Philadelphia, PA, I am a husband and father of three. I am also an ordinand in the Presbyterian church (PCA).

My research at Cambridge focuses on the Greek language of the Septuagint and its social and linguistic relationship to the Koine Greek of its time. I am investigating the textual evidence of book of Judges in Greek for the ways in which its language was modified over the course of the revision to the original (Old Greek) version. My research is chiefly concerned with vocabulary (lexical semantics) and the social and linguistic mechanisms for language change, which requires interaction with Greek documentary evidence from Ptolemaic papyri and inscriptions. This work also bears upon broader questions related to the development of Koine Greek, the social context of the Septuagint translators and later revisers, and the methodological challenges in Septuagint lexicography.

Subject area and speciality

Old Testament specialists:

The Septuagint and Koine Lexical Semantics: Language and Style in the Textual Evidence of the Greek Version of Judges

Research Interests

Old Testament Historical Books
Septuagint Studies
Koine Greek Language & Lexicography
Hellenistic Judaism
Cognitive Linguistics


(2014-present) University of Cambridge - Greek Collections Marker

(2011-2014) Westminster Theological Seminary - Teaching Assistant


Other Professional Activities

Professional Societies:

2016                International Cognitive Linguistics Association

2014                Institute for Biblical Research

2013                Evangelical Theological Society

2012                International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies

2012                Society of Biblical Literature


Recent Presentations:

2016               SBL National Conference (San Antonio) “The Lexical Value of the Septuagint for the Koine: The Use of ΠΑΡΑΤΑΞΙΣ in Marcus Aurelius”

2016               SBL National Conference (San Antonio) “‘Build Up the Walls of Jerusalem’: The Conceptual Unity of Psalm 51 through a Cognitive Linguistic Lens”

2016               6. Internationale Fachtagung von Septuaginta-Deutsch (Wuppertal) “The Septuagint as Catalyst for Language Change in the Koine: A Usage-Based Approach”

2015               ETS National Conference (Atlanta) “Modern Language Translations of the Septuagint: A Methodological Comparison”

2015               SBL National Conference (Atlanta) “Vocabulary and Revision: Lexical Features of Greek Judges”


Organizational Activity

2016 – 2019   ETS “Septuagint Studies” Consultation – Chairman

2015               ETS “Septuagint Studies” Panel – Committee Member



Key Publications


Ross, William A., G.K. Beale and Daniel Brendsel. An Interpretive Lexicon of New Testament Greek: Analysis of Prepositions, Adverbs, Particles, Relative Pronouns, and Conjunctions. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2014. 


Other Publications

Refereed Journal Articles

2017    “Style and Familiarity in OG Judg 19,7: Establishing Dependence in the Septuagint.” Biblica 98.1 (2017): 25-36.

2016                “Ὦ ἀνόητοι καὶ βραδεῖς τῇ καρδίᾳ: Luke, Aesop, and Reading Scripture.” Novum Testamentum 58.4 (2016): 369-79.

2015                “Text-Critical Question Begging in Nahum 1,2-8: Re-evaluating the Evidence and Arguments.” Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 127.3 (October 2015): 459-74.


Edited Volume Contributions

In Preparation  “The Hellenistic Background of παιδάριον and νεανίσκος in the Septuagint.” In The Legacy of Soisalon-Soininen: Towards a Syntax of Septuagint Greek. Edited by Tuukka Kauhanen; DSI; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht (anticipated 2018). 


Conference Proceedings

Forthcoming    “The Septuagint as Catalyst for Language Change in the Koine: A Usage-Based Approach.” In Die Septuaginta. Geschichte – Wirkung – Relevanz: 6. Internationale Fachtagung von Septuaginta-Deutsch (LXX.D), Wuppertal 21.-24. Juli 2016. WUNT; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

2016                “Lexical Possibilities in Septuagint Research: Revision and Expansion.” Pages 341-59 in XV Congress of the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies: Munich, 2013. Edited by Wolfgang Kraus, Martin Meiser, and Michaël van der Meer. SBLSCS 64. Atlanta, Ga.: SBL Press.


Dictionary and Encyclopaedia Entries

Forthcoming    “Body Parts” – “Bronze” (Hebrew). In Expository Dictionary of Old Testament and New Testament Words. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic (anticipated 2019).

Forthcoming    “Parataxis,” in Dictionary of the Septuagint and Early Greek Jewish Scriptures. Scholars Publisher. 


Recent Book Reviews

Forthcoming    David Firth, 1 & 2 Samuel: An Introduction and Study Guide. A Kingdom Comes. T&T Clark, 2017. Bulletin for Biblical Research.

2016                John Barton, Ethics in Ancient Israel. Oxford University Press, 2014. Themelios 41.3 (2016): 490-91.

2016                Bonnie Howe and Joel B. Green, eds. Cognitive Linguistic Explorations in Biblical Studies. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2014. Bulletin for Biblical Research 26.3 (2016): 385-87.

2016                John J. Pilch, The Cultural Life Setting of the Proverbs. Fortress Press, 2016. Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 59.3 (September 2016): 613-15.

2016                Eberhard Bons and Jan Joosten, eds. The Reception of Septuagint Words in Jewish-Hellenistic and Christian Literature. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014. Catholic Biblical Quarterly 78.3 (July 2016): 565-67.

2016                Iain Provan, Seriously Dangerous Religion: What the Old Testament Really Says and Why It Matters. Baylor University Press: Waco, TX, 2014. Westminster Theological Journal 78 (Spring 2016): 159-61.

Older               See


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